Friday, 16 November 2012

Proving Extraordinary Ability for Athlete Seeking Work Visa to U.S.

Having taught courses in immigration law and sports law, I found this article by Jere Longman in today's New York Times particularly interesting:

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...[A]n immigration case involving an Iranian table tennis player has raised question about exactly what status an international athlete must achieve before being granted preferential entry into the United States. Is it enough to be the best in your own home country? Or must you also be among the best in the world?

On Wednesday, a Federal District Court judge in New York affirmed a decision by United States Citizenship and Immigration Services to deny an “extraordinary ability” work visa to Afshin Noroozi, 27, the first table tennis Olympian from Iran. Noroozi had sought the visa on the ground that he was a top international player, having finished 65th at the 2008 Olympics and gained a ranking of 284th in the world.

The Immigration Act of 1990 allows employment visas to be given to those who possess “extraordinary ability” in the sciences, arts, education, business or athletics. Winning a Nobel Prize, for instance, would signal exceptional achievement. Finishing dozens of places behind the winner in Olympic table tennis apparently makes a less convincing case. While Noroozi’s proficiency was “impressive and commendable, and surely bespeaks years of dedication and practice,”

Judge Paul A. Engelmayer of Federal District Court in Manhattan wrote, the immigration service was “well within its discretion to conclude that Noroozi’s standing fell short of making him ‘one of that small percentage who have risen to the very top of the field of endeavor.’ ”  
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To read the rest, click here.

Being an Olympic athlete in a recent Olympic Games does not show extraordinary ability?  Tough crowd. Then again, he's 27-years-old, and in table tennis that means his upside has likely already been shown:
The absence of Noroozi as a player is unlikely to make any difference in American fortunes, officials said. An athlete who is ranked only 284th in the world at age 27 is “not likely to see a huge surge in the next five years,” said Sean O’Neill, a spokesman for USA Table Tennis and a former Olympian.
Though it makes perfect sense, it's interesting how player development analysis can impact whether one gets a visa.

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